The Apple Watch is secure from the potential exploits. The iOS Installing macOS If the update isn't installed on your Mac automatically, visit the App Store and click on Updates. Read more about Apple's measures to protect your Mac from viruses, security flaws and malware here. The attacker could gain access to all victim communication by redirecting traffic through a malicious proxy server, there's more information about how the attack worked here.
The best way to avoid falling foul to such an attempt in the future is not to respond to emails that require you to enter a password or install anything.
VIRUS ALERT FROM APPLE – Spread Techniques
Back in February X-agent malware was discovered that was capable of stealing passwords, taking screenshots and grabbing iPhone backups stored on your Mac. The malware apparently targeted members of the Ukrainian military and was thought to be the work of the APT28 cybercrime group, according to Bitdefender.
In February researchers found the MacDownloader software lurking in a fake update to Adobe Flash. When the installer is run you'll get an alert claiming that there is adware on your Mac. You'll be asked to click to "remove" the adware, and when you enter your password on your Mac the MacDownloader malware will attempt to transmit data including your Keychain so that's your usernames, passwords, PINs, credit card numbers to a remote server. Luckily the threat seems to be contained for now: the remote server it the malware tries to connect is now offline. The best way to avoid such attacks is to always check on Adobe's site to see if there is an update to Flash you should be installing.
The MacDownloader malware is thought to have been created by Iranian hackers and was specifically targetted at the US defence industry. It was located on a fake site designed to target the US defence industry so likely not yourself. In this case the phishing attempt would have been activated via a Flash file, and since Apple has stopped Flash opening by default, again this is unlikely to have affected you. PC users have had to contend with macro viruses for a long time. Applications, such as Microsoft Office, Excel, and Powerpoint allow macro programs to be embedded in documents.
How to Get Rid of a Virus on a Mac
When these documents are opened the macros are run automatically which can cause problems. However, the version of Office reintroduced macros, and in February there was malware discovered in a Word macro within a Word doc about Trump. It could even access a webcam. The chance of you being infected in this way is very small, unless you have received and opened the file referred to which would surprise us , but the point is that Mac users have been targeted in this way. Mac users should still be fairly safe from macros thanks to a warning that appears on the screen should a user attempt to open a document containing macros.
According to a report in January , Fruitfly malware had been conducting surveillance on targeted networks for possibly two years. The malware captures screenshots and webcam images, as well as looking for information about the devices connected to the same network - and then connects to them. Malwarebytes claims the malware could have been circulating since OS X Yosemite was released in Apple is already detecting Firefly via own built-in anti-malware tool. Apple has all the malware definitions in its XProtect file which sits on your Mac, and everytime you download a new application it checks that none of those definitions are present.
It would gain root privileges and create a new account in order to install more software, according to Cybereason researcher Amit Serper in this report. KeRanger is ransomware. Ransomware is, in general, a sub-category of malware that involves dodgy software sneaking itself on to your computer and then encrypting files against your wishes. You'll then be left with two apparent options: never be able to access those files again, or pay the 'ransom' to decrypt them. We discuss how to remove Ransomware here. The KeRanger file somehow snuck itself into the Transmission 2. If you were unlucky enough to have downloaded and run Transmission 2.
Chances are you are safe, even if you do use Transmission: the KeRanger file would only have been present in the download on the Transmission website between March. But if you are using Transmission, you must upgrade to the latest version, Transmission 2. You'll find more information about KeyRanger on the Transmission website.
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If a user installs the infected apps, an embedded executable file is run on the system. KeRanger then waits for three days before connecting with command and control C2 servers over the Tor anonymizer network. The malware then begins encrypting certain types of document and data files on the system. Additionally, KeRanger appears to be still under active development and it seems the malware is also attempting to encrypt Time Machine backup files to prevent victims from recovering their backup data.
Apple has since revoked the abused certificate and updated XProtect antivirus signature, and Transmission Project has removed the malicious installers from its website. In November , and accelerating into the New Year, the security company Malwarebytes started documenting Mac-targeted denial-of-service attacks originating from a fake tech support website. Like many Mac-targeted attacks, it depends on 'social engineering' or user error: you click a link in an email, and the malware is smuggled on to your Mac.
This then triggers the attack. There are two versions of the attack; the one you get depends on your version of macOS. Either Mail is hijacked and forced to create vast numbers of draft emails, or iTunes is forced to open multiple times. Either way, the end goal is to overload system memory and force a shutdown or system freeze. In fact, the real end goal is to get you to call a bogus Apple support number, whereupon you will presumably get charged to hear a fake solution by the people who caused the problem in the first place.
This caused issues for Mac users back in The problem was with Apple's implementation of a basic encryption feature that shields data from snooping. Quoting from the blog post: "The bulk of the traffic for the RoughTed campaign comes from streaming video or file sharing sites closely intertwined with URL shorteners. These are areas where malicious actors love to lurk because of the sheer volume of traffic but also subpar standards for quality and safety of online advertising.
Sometimes it helps to watch videos in a different browser. For instance, Chrome has some weaknesses that allow bad ads to get past ad blockers.
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Other browsers don't have the same weaknesses and can often block the ads better. AdBlock like other ad blockers is not an anti-malware program. It can block ads that try to install malware with some exceptions; see above , but it can't prevent malware from being installed. We strongly recommend that you install a good free anti-malware and antivirus application.
We are not affiliated with Malwarebytes in any way. We've simply found that their software tends to catch malware that others miss. When users first started reporting seeing pop-ups and virus warnings on a site called Couchtuner, we checked with the folks who maintain Malwaredomains, the authoritative list of websites that are known to host malware.
Here's what they told us:.
We asked Malwaredomains specifically about Couchtuner. If you're seeing these kinds of ads on similar sites, however, the same thing is happening there.
Their advice, and ours, is that it's best to stay away from sites like these. Just remember, anything that's free on the Internet that you would pay for anywhere else is likely to come with hidden costs such as malware. If you absolutely must use them, make sure you have a good antivirus and anti-malware program installed and working. By the way, if you're curious about why these kinds of sites allow sketchy ads and malware, there's a nice explanation on Reddit.
If you clicked an ad in a pop-up on a free streaming site, a virus might have been downloaded to your computer.